Four simple lifestyle changes may prevent up to 80% of heart failure

This Finnish national population-based study of 18,346 men and 19,729 women as followed for a median of 14.1 years, found that four simple diet and lifestyle changes lowered risk of heart failure by 40%-81%. 

“Not smoking, maintaining a normal body weight, exercising regularly, and eating a healthy diet would avert roughly 40% of all cases of heart failure. Those four simple lifestyle changes offer a cost-effective opportunity for primary prevention of heart failure in the population”
Dr. Luc Djousse, director of research in the division of aging at Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Boston, speaking at the 2014 annual meeting of the Heart Failure Society of America. 

Study by Luc Djoussé, MD, ScD, MPH; Jane A. Driver, MD, MPH and J. Michael Gaziano, MD, MPH “Relation Between Modifiable Lifestyle Factors and Lifetime Risk of Heart Failure” as published in JAMA. 2009;302(4):394-400. doi:10.1001/jama.2009.1062. also; study by Yujie Wang, MSc, Jaakko Tuomilehto, MD, PhD, Pekka Jousilahti, MD, PhD, Riitta Antikainen, MD, PhD, Markku Mähönen, MD, PhD, Peter T. Katzmarzyk, PhD and Gang Hu, MD, PhD “Lifestyle Factors in Relation to Heart Failure Among Finnish Men and Women” as published in Circ. Heart Fail. 2011;4:607-12. The researchers were from Population Science, Pennington Biomedical Research Center, Baton Rouge, LA (Y.W., P.T.K., G.H.); the School of Human Ecology, Louisiana State University AgCenter, Baton Rouge, LA (Y.W.); the Department of Public Health, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland (J.T., M.M.); South Ostrobothnia Central Hospital, Seinäjoki, Finland (J.T.); the Department of Chronic Diseases Prevention, National Institute for Health and Welfare, Helsinki, Finland (P.J.); and Oulu City Hospital and the Department of Internal Medicine, University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland (R.A).

Posted: Monday 1 December 2014