The review looking at data from the 2007 WCRF/AICR report, Food, Nutrition, Physical Activity, and the Prevention of Cancer: A Global Perspective, and other reports since then, and has found there are many common things we do that cause cancer apart from just “smoking cigarettes”.
The authors undertook the review of the evidence encompassing a wide range of cancers, including prostate, breast, head and neck, colorectal, and pancreatic cancer. They found that data on causal influences of dietary factors are “substantial enough to support all of these recommendations to issue guidance with confidence”.
“Dietary guidance to reduce cancer risk has sufficiently compelling evidence to recommend avoidance of red meat, limited intake of alcohol and dairy products, and increased consumption of fruits, vegetables, and soy products. Guidelines, up until now, have been extremely conservative, which is to say that unless something was nailed down very clearly - like, cigarettes cause cancer - by and large, the guidelines avoided it. There are a lot of areas where we have a lot of evidence, and we need to start acting on that evidence now. These suggested recommendations relate to specific areas where evidence is sufficiently compelling to merit dietary changes”
Dr Neal Barnard, MD, of George Washington University in Washington, D.C., president of Physicians Committee for Responsible Medicine, in the Journal of the American College of Nutrition, June 2014.
More to follow on this tomorrow.