Basically diabetes ‘diet and lifestyle advice’ should be no different from that for everyone.
These researchers investigated whether the associations between lifestyle factors and mortality risk differ between individuals ‘with and without diabetes’ and found that what is good advice for the diabetic, is also very good advice for the non-diabetic.
“It appears that the intake of some food groups is more beneficial (fruits, legumes, nuts, seeds, pasta, poultry, vegetable oil) or more detrimental (soft drinks, butter, margarine, cake, cookies) with respect to mortality risk in people with diabetes. This may indicate that individuals with diabetes may benefit more from a healthy diet than people without diabetes. However, since the directions of association were generally the same, recommendations for a healthy diet should be similar for people with or without diabetes”
Dr Diewertje Sluik, Department of Epidemiology, German Institute of Human Nutrition Potsdam-Rehbruecke, Nuthetal, Germany, and colleagues, June 2014.
The researchers confirmed three strongly-linked findings from previous studies:
- Overall mortality was 62% higher in people with diabetes
- The higher the intake of good quality plant foods (fruit, vegetables, nuts, seeds, wholegrains and legumes), the lower the mortality risk
- The higher the butter/margarine/cakes intake, the higher the mortality risk
Study by Dr Diewertje Sluik, Department of Epidemiology, German Institute of Human Nutrition Potsdam-Rehbruecke, Nuthetal, Germany, and colleagues, as published in Diabetologia (the journal of the European Association for the Study of Diabetes [EASD]). Data was taken from the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC), on 6,384 persons with diabetes and 258,911 EPIC participants without known diabetes. All risk factors were accounted for, as reported by gmjournal.co.uk on Monday, 2 June 2014.