Diabetes in China highest in the world and growing

Diabetes in China highest in the world and growing

Chinese researchers in the Journal of the American Medical Association, as reported by Xinhua, have sounded an alert saying that unless changes are made now in China, they face a tsunami of diabetes that will decimate the country.

“The prevalence of diabetes in the Chinese adult population has surpassed that of India and is now close to that of the United States.  Although it’s not appropriate to compare them in such a simple way, China is now home to the largest diabetes population in the world.  As the country's economy expanded quickly over the last three decades, the standard of living and lifestyles of ordinary Chinese have changed substantially.  With increased high-calorie, high-fat, high-sugar and high-sodium diets, decreased physical activity and more sedentary lifestyles, all factors that could lead to weight gain, diabetes and other chronic diseases are now reaching epidemic proportions in China”
Guang Ning, vice president of Ruijin Hospital.

  • Nearly 12% of Chinese adults now have diabetes
  • This means 114 million Chinese adults are diabetic
  • 50% are at risk of developing diabetes
  • Estimates are that 493.4 million are already pre-diabetic
  • In 1980, the prevalence of diabetes in China was less than 1%
  • In 1994, the prevalence of diabetes in China was 2.5%
  • In 2000, the prevalence of diabetes in China was 5.5%
  • In 2007, the prevalence of diabetes in China was 9.7%
  • In 2013, the prevalence of diabetes in China is 12% - and rising

Study by Ning and Chinese research colleagues with the China Noncommunicable Disease Surveillance Group as published in the Journal of the American Medical Association, September 2013.  These health professionals investigated diabetes incidence with a nationally representative sample of 98,658 Chinese adults in 2010.  The researchers found 12.1% of Chinese men and 11% of Chinese women were diabetic and the proportion of patients with diabetes who were aware of their condition was 30.1%.  The estimated prevalence of pre-diabetes was 52.1% in men and 48.1% in women.  As reported by The Business Standard and Xinhua on September 4, 2013.


 

Posted: Sunday 15 September 2013