Longevity and health dictated by fruit and vegetable intake
“Many Kiwis don’t eat enough of them and are on path to early death” says the latest research into the NZ diet.
What did this massive research project find?
- If you eat less than 5 servings of fruits and vegetables daily, you have a 53% higher risk of dying compared to those who consumed 5 servings a day.
- This risk remains regardless of other factors such as smoking, drinking and body weight.
- In the top 10 causes of death for New Zealanders, the #8 biggest cause of death was ‘eating too few fruits and vegetables’.
- This means nearly one in three New Zealanders are eating themselves to an early grave just by eating too much meat, chicken, sugar, processed foods and takeaways, and by not consuming enough fruit and vegetables.
- A 2003 New Zealand Health Ministry study estimated that up to 9,000 deaths a year reflected poor diet, including 1559 deaths from inadequate fruit and vegetable intake.
Swedish study by Bellavia A, Larsson SC, Bottai M, Wolk A, Orsini N., “Fruit and vegetable consumption and all-cause mortality: a dose-response analysis” as published in the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition online June 26, 2013. The researchers from the Units of Nutritional Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Institute of Environmental Medicine, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden, looked at 71,706 people, age 45-83; over 13 years follow up including those participating in The Swedish Mammography Cohort and the Cohort of Swedish Men. In the 2013 NZ National Adults Health Survey, only 68% of adults reported eating three or more servings of fruit and two or more of vegetables per day. The research found those eating five servings of fruit and vegetables daily lived three years longer than those who ate none, those who ate 3 servings of vegetables daily lived 19 months longer and just one serving of fruit daily, lived 19 months longer. As reported by Reuters Health on July 11, 2013 and by The New Zealand Herald on July 15, 2013.